Tools and Strategies for Helping ADHD Children at School
Good communication during the diagnostic and treatment process is essential to achieving positive outcomes. Clinicians must receive information about the child’s behavior from two sources (typically a parent and the child’s classroom teacher) in order to:
· Follow established clinical guidelines for diagnosing ADHD
· Evaluate the effects of treatment.
Good communication between home and school is essential to achieving positive outcomes. Regular communication between parents and teachers can help:
· Establish agreement about what problem behaviors to focus on
· Establish consistency on goals and rewards, and the monitoring of interventions at home and at school
· Provide a consistent response to the child’s behavior – both desirable and undesirable behavior
· Improve monitoring of medication effectiveness and homework completion
Classroom behavior log
The classroom behavior log is a tool that can be used to help a student meet a specific behavioral goal. The log provides a structured and consistent record of the student’s behavior. It also helps students to visualize his or her progress and identify where improvement is needed.
The behavior log is a way to promote an ongoing dialogue between you, your student, and his or her parent. Make sure that you all agree on a goal. You should update the behavior log daily, and send a copy home to the parent at the end of each week and encourage parents to share the logs with the child’s doctor or nurse.
The homework log provides structure to help students organize and stay on track with homework assignments. It allows you to divide long-term projects into small, manageable tasks.
You should ask students to write down homework assignments each day, along with the materials they’ll need for each assignment. Students should be encouraged to keep a binder with their homework logs. You should also ask parents to verify that daily homework assignments have been completed, and to document if special help was needed.
The homework self-evaluation tool enables parents and students to better understand what goes into “doing homework”. It also helps students develop a greater awareness of the work habits that lead to homework success.
“Doing homework” involves many specific sub-tasks, and student success depends on managing these integrated tasks. Help your student understand what each sub-task means.
Ask parents to review the sub-tasks with their child before the child starts his or her homework. You might also want to ask parents to have their child complete a self-rating when their homework is complete and discuss what worked well and what can be improved next time.
Using a strength-based approach to help students with ADHD feel successful
Most teachers and parents look for, and pay attention to, problem behaviors more frequently than positive behaviors. A problem-based approach focuses on understanding why an undesirable behavior occurred.
A strength-based approach focuses on understanding why a desirable behavior occurs. It helps identify the environmental factors that support the desirable behavior. A strength-based approach also helps students focus on what to do more of, rather than what to do less of.